MADRID — Manuela Carmena is, perhaps, Spain’s most recognizable face of political change. A year ago, the 72 -year-old retired lawyer and emeritus magistrate of the Spanish Supreme court lived a happy and active life. She dedicated her days to her grandchildren and shopping in the Malasana, a Madrid district where female prisoners from various Spanish prisons sell clothes and shoes that they themselves sew. These employment workshops were promoted by during her long and successful career.
The world needs the leadership of female culture. Manuela Carmena
Until simply a year ago, when angry youngsters of Spain’s emerging grassroots socialist party Podemos knocked on her doorway, Carmena says that she was living in a sort of paradise. Then these same Podemos members suggested that she ought to be head of their party’s mission to wrest Madrid’s City Council from the conservatives of the People’s Party, who had led the city for more than 20 years.
It wasn’t an easy decision, but in the end she joined them as an independent, representing Ahora Madrid in the city’s municipal elections. Soon after accepting Podemos’ call, she became a political phenomenon.
Days ahead of celebrating her nine-month anniversary as Madrid’s mayor, she welcomed HuffPost Spain to her office in the Plaza de Cibeles. The streets were full of posters with the slogan “Madrid needs feminism, ” which had been distributed by the city’s government to celebrate International Women’s Day on March 8.
Why does Madrid require feminism ?
Because the world needs the leadership of female culture. It’s nice to think that women’s supposed inferiority merely comes from differences in physical strength. The leadership of women is the leadership of sentence, conciliation, compromise, peace. That’s the change, and it’s clear that the world can’t keep on destroying itself with puerile positions that are expressions of physical force. Human beings are both reason and heart, and women are experts dealing with both.
Here in Madrid, the ecosystem is different from that of Spain’s national politics. Women are resulting the Mayor’s Office and political opposition. Is there a particular reason for this ?
I don’t know. Perhaps women are more comfy in municipal politics. It was hard for me to say yes, and I never would have done it if it meant entering national politics. I said yes because it was about resulting a candidacy that was organized by citizens from neighborhoods, by protest motions, by people with their feet on the ground, and there was a price to pay, but I supposed I could do well. For me state policy would have seemed more remote, somehow.[ M] unicipal[ politics] is closer to the human being, to the everyday, to life.
Politics means solving everyone’s problems, which is why I love to work managing a city that belongs to no one including with regard to: the air belongs to everyone, gardens belong to everyone, transportation belongs to everyone. Manuela Carmena
Of course. It’s testosterone, and something very childish as well! Sometimes they seem like big children playing to insure who catches the ball, when the important thing is that they just got elected and society wants them to reach an agreement. The beautiful thing is to see how the agreement is reached , not how they insult each other . … They really act like kids! I think that their language is highly damaging to the essence of politics. Politics entails solving everyone’s problems, which is why I love to work managing a city that belongs to no one including with regard to: the air belongs to everyone, gardens belong to everyone, transportation belongs to everyone . … It doesn’t make sense for those working of us that have a political responsibility to insult, disqualify or belittle each other because then we lose the synergies that we ought to have.
I’m surprised because I come from members of the judiciary. There, debates are continuous: you’re in a collegiate court, where you argue about how to judge the conduct of another person, and you put out there a lot of yourself when you judge someone else with your own parameters. Many debates in court are very intense, but they never have that level of disqualification that you find in politics. You can’t build anything when we you are all insulting each other. I’m astounded that active politicians don’t reflect on this. Why do you insult one another? Why do you disqualify one another? Why do you hate other? … Why is it that what you think is better than what others think? It’s true that every ideology, every political group has its strategic objectives, some essential points that they want to achieve. But then there’s a “How? ” … a “When? ” an enormous ability to speak and reason. … Maybe the other person can come up with something interesting!
This way of thinking is in favour of many citizens. But you are the leader of an interesting experimentation: Ahora Madrid is now headed by an independent like you. Your terms are interpreted as an open criticism to the party’s leader, Pablo Iglesias .
Well, if it is understood that way … criticism is necessary. It is the most loyal thing to do with the person or persons that you’re closer to, especially those you care about. I recently had dinner with Pablo Iglesias and told him what I suppose. Of course, there cannot, there should not be elections. Voters dealt you a hand, and they’ve “ve told you”, “Use those cards.” And that’s what needs to be done.
Other respected figures, independents like yourself, are moving away from Podemos. Are you concerned about the disenchantment ?
I don’t think so. That’s the good proportion about being outside, you have a greater capacity to swerve through the different roads. I think it’s better not to be too inside. I don’t think political parties are the most suitable structures for political management. It may seem arrogant of me to uncover this theory, but I think we are experiencing a structural crisis of the parties. We have to find another way to articulate political representation, a less ideological one, a more transversal one.
And, what would replace political parties ?
Imagine groups of citizens that came together to attain, for example, housing as an enforceable right. We know it is a right because it is in the Constitution and the Declaration of Human Rights, but it’s a right that is, let’s say, “unimportant” because you cannot assert it. If you have the right to a certain benefit, you go to an office, fill out a kind and you get it. There’s no place where you can go and demand housing! And I think you have to demand it. The developed world has too much fund and personnel for it to be impossible to give a home to every family that needs it.
Imagine if the way to achieve this goal was a platform that entered the electoral debate. Then, imagine if that were true for what everyone thinks about abortion or other issues … who knows ?! Parties tend to form around a conceptual whole. They have to provide answers for everything. Why? There could be a group for a single objective. And it could be a left-wing objective, understood in the way I define the Left: people who believe that an essential objective of world development is equal opportunity for everyone. There would be others who would resist that, of course, but that enables us to articulated ourselves more effectively and freely.
Is that why you’re not part of any party ?
Of course. I can’t do it.
The best is Madrid. I am from Madrid, and I’ve lived almost all my life here, except when I was away on judicial trip-ups. I rediscovered an amazing city, full of life. The number of associations, activities, artistic impulses, places, builds . … When the politician moves in the everyday space, he or she has the ability to feel how their fellow citizens feeling. The fact of being on the street, in the metro, standing in line — it allows you to be a part of the city.
But with the mayor’s agenda, the bodyguards … Can you still live as a citizen ?
Yes, of course. This morning I took my metro, just like I do every day … People are very discreet. Sometimes they flash a smile, which is something that I appreciate a lot. Sometimes they just look at you. And sometimes you notice an unpleasant face, but they are usually very educated people and they don’t say anything. And I also think it’s reasonable that there are angry people who vent by saying critical things: It’s OK, there’s nothing wrong with that.
And the worst moment, the most frustrating thing … was it the failure of the initiative to withdraw from Madrid’s street names the names of soldiers who staged Franco’s revolt in 1936?
The mistake was was intended to do things without guessing them through enough. We were in a hurry, and that led us to make mistakes. Those are the worst moments: when there are difficulties with the team, because, for me, the human factor is crucial.
You’ve already been forced to defend your team in public. The Ahora Madrid movement, in which Podemos participates, barely existed a year ago, and it is made up of very young people with no political or institutional experience. But a city can’t wait for those who run it to grow up .
Well, what they have is a huge amount of experience addressing social problems. And that is an enormous advantage, because that is what the City Council is supposed to do. Perhaps they still need to solve problems within the institutions. But I suppose each passing day we learn more and do better. Perhaps our particularity, unlike other teams, is that when we’ve done something wrong we have admitted it.
Well, the truth is that I don’t worry too much about that. I’ve got used to it, and since they are not real stabs … I also have some therapy: I don’t read newspapers that much. And above all, I have two positive inputs: seeing that you can do many things that improve Madrid, and that advantage that is proving so important to me, without having envision it, that arises from sharing the public space with the person or persons. That is spectacular.
Further contact, instead of a shell to conceal in ?
Yes, and even if you receive some criticism, which is not much, it is life-giving because it is personal, direct contact.
You are 72 years old. You were living a full life, you were involved in many social issues, and you were enjoying life and your grandchildren. Do you feel you have lost more than you’ve won ?
Well, I was in paradise because you have to work on active retirement. It was fantastic. Now I’m not in paradise, but I am corroborating everyday how exciting and challenging it is to work to improve a city.
There are many who don’t believe you’ll last until 2018…
I hope I do. It is all about a Mediterranean diet and knowing that the things that really matter in life are not political criticism.
How do you unplug yourself ?
Fundamentally, reading. It is something very special: you enter a shell and abruptly you’re in another world. And you leave the shell feeling great. You get so much from reading … For me that’s the key.
At The Huffington Post we are sleep evangelists. We think that many of the things that go wrong in the world would work better if leaders slept the necessary hours. Do you sleep well ?
I sleep very well, but I’m sleeping little. Sometimes I would like to sleep one or two more hours, especially in the morning. My day seems to be too short, and though I can’t sleep more, I suppose I should. But what little I sleep, I sleep straight through.
Can a city actually change the style of politics as we understand it in this country ?
I think it can. There are some guidelines that are important and that have a lot of significance. Since I think that cleanliness is so important for Madrid, I usually greet the sweepers I gratify. It is interesting to see how they react to it. The other day I received a Whatsapp[ message] that read, “Once again I have hope that politics can be different.” And it was nothing more than that. As I do so many times, I ensure a sweeper, I took off my glove, she took off hers, we shook hands and “was talkin about a” society, garbage, our jobs…
This interview first appeared on HuffPost Spain. It has been translated into English and edited for clarity .
Read more: www.huffingtonpost.com