Austria Plans Border Fence With Slovenia To Control Migrant Flow

Austria will build a 3.7 -km( 2.5 -mile) fencing on either side of its busiest perimeter crossing with Slovenia to help manage the flow of thousands of migrants a day onto its territory, senior officials said on Friday.

It was the latest move by a country on Europe’s main migratory hallway, stretching from Greece to Germany, to manage or curb the influx since hundreds of thousands started streaming into Austria and Germany two months ago, putting severe strain on the European Union’s prized system of open borders.

Slovenia began erecting its own razor-wire fence along parts of its frontier with Croatia on Wednesday, saying it aimed to assert better control over the migrant flow onto its clay that began soon after Hungary constructed fencings on its southern perimeter to keep the marching crowds out.

Austria, the last stop on the way to Germany for migrants crossing the continent in numbers not find since World War Two, has worried for weeks that its larger neighbor’s frontier regulations will create a backlog it cannot manage.

At a press conference with other cabinet members and senior officials, Austrian Interior Minister Johanna Mikl-Leitner announced a series of measures that would be put in place near the Spielfeld border crossing in coordination with Slovenia.

Those included a fenced “security corridor” on Slovenian province and enhanced patrols outside that area by the Slovenian security force, she said.

Austria will also attain preparations that will enable it to build a fence along a 25 -km( 15 -mile) stretching of the border at 48 hours’ notification if needed, she told. A senior official said this would involve receptacles with razor wire ready to be deployed.

“This Phase 2 will come into force if the Slovenian measures do not work and it comes to illegal border crossings, ” she said, adding that Austria would instantly strengthen its own patrols along the same 25 -km stretch of frontier.

“GATE WITH SIDE PARTS”

The Alpine republic’s general director of public security, Konrad Kogler, told reporters that a 3.7 -km( 2.3 -mile) fencing would be built either side of the Spielfeld crossing in the coming weeks. “That is what we have agreed, ” he said.

Josef Ostermayer, prime ministers involved in policy on the migration crisis, said the fence would be around 2 meters( 6.6 feet) high.

EU leaders agreed on Thursday to invite Turkey’s president to a summit soon to enlist his help in stemming the river of migrants into the EU from his country.

Austria said last month it would build roadblocks including a fencing at Spielfeld to slow and deter migrants.

The announcement set off a political blizzard, much of it over whether there would indeed be a fencing — Chancellor Werner Faymann was highly critical of Prime Minister Viktor Orban’s decision to seal off Hungary’s southern border.

Faymann soon rowed back from the announcement, telling the plan had yet to be finalised and could involve something closer to a “gate with side parts”.

After discussions between Faymann’s Social Democratic Party and its coalition partner, Mikl-Leitner’s conservative People’s Party, ministers from both camps announced the plan on Friday.

“An Orbanization of Austria is not taking place, ” Defense Minister Gerald Klug, a Social Democrat, told, and the measures being introduced were necessary for “orderly, reasonable and humanely decent” crowd management.

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7 Volunteers Whose Lives Were Changed By Refugees

ATHENS — Nearly 540,000 refugees and migrants have arrived on the Greek islands since the beginning of the year, according to the International Organization for Migration. In a span of simply five days last week, 48,000 refugees and migrants traversed from Turkey to the islands.

Committed activists, volunteers and NGOs are there every day to help those arriving ashore. Among them are the employees of the international medical aid organisation Doctors Without Borders, also known by its French acronym MSF.

MSF has been operating for the past year on Greece’s Dodecanese islands, including Kos, which has witnessed a massive influx of migrants and refugees in recent months. The organization offers medical care and psychological supporting, and also distributes essentials to refugees who arrive on the islands or are assembled at the Macedonian border. MSF also operates two ships that conduct search and rescue operations in the Mediterranean, which have been credited with rescuing 15,000 people in the first four months of the mission.

The majority of the people arriving come from Syria. Among the refugees are people with chronic illnesses and pregnant women. Sometimes, entire families induce the dangerous journey.

While MSF pays its workers a nominal fee, volunteer work is still an integral part of the organization’s culture.

HuffPost Greece spoke with members of MSFs team on Kos about what motivated them to leave their homes and take care of others in a difficult situation — one we could all experience at some point in our lives. Who did they meet among the refugees and whom will they never forget?

Vangelis Orfanoudakis, 32, coordinates MSF’s mission on Kos. He has been on the islands since May and has witnessed the influx refugees grow fivefold in simply three months. He says August was the most difficult month.

Orfanoudakis is worried about what lies ahead for the refugees, and hes frustrated with the lack of infrastructure to accommodate them upon arrival. Now, refugees are stranded on the street, trapped for over 20 days, waiting for their documents which will allow them to continue their journey, he explains.

Local authorities’ disagreement over whether to build a refugee reception center is the main reason behind the shortfalls, Orfanoudakis says. They think that this will attract more people on the island, he says. He mentions that as a result of these tensions, authorities shut down an deserted hotel that refugees used as an unofficial campsite.

Worried about the altered in weather conditions — rain and cold pose dangerous health risks for people living out in the open — MSF decided to set up big tents on the islands of Leros and Kalymnos to shelter the new arrivals.

Stephanos Stephanidis, a 43 -year-old interpreter of Arabic, joined the MSF team in July. He is Greek, but was born in Cairo and lived there until he was 21.

Stephanidis role is emotionally taxing. He translates during conferences with refugees and the teams psychologists, and becomes both a voice for the therapist as well as the refugees. He says he tries hard not to show his feelings.

I become the psychologist’s voice; I translate whatever she says to the refugees. I always try to follow her style and tone, but sometimes I am affected. Maybe, more than anything, its own experience helps me appreciate things we take for granted, such as a bed or our own bathroom.

What always overwhelms me is when someone conveys their will to commit suicide because of the frustration and uncertainty they feel, Stephanidis says. When we finish one or two sessions, however, the same person tells us, You built me change my mind. This is something that stays with you.

This experience helps me appreciate things we take for granted, such as a bed or our own bathroom.

Stephanidis work inevitably changes his own view on life. I have seen people who get out of the sea holding their child, a couple of months old. I put myself in their shoes when my 18 year-old daughter goes out in Athens at night, and I worry. And I think to myself, how can I worry when the refugee crosses the sea with his child to save both “peoples lives”?

His message to others must therefore be human with our fellow men who need us.

Marina Spyridaki, the team’s 30 -year-old psychologist, visits areas where refugees are staying with an interpreter and explains who she is and how she can help. Usually, they come find her later — alone.

Many of the refugees are very traumatized, Spyridaki explains. They are troubled by the war, the loss, the agony of surviving and the search for a safe place, but also by the sea journey to Europe. She says some infants who fell overboard during the course of its crossing refuse to go close to the water now.

Spyridaki recalls the case of a mother who had lost one of her children, a 22 -day-old baby. The woman’s husband and older daughter had survived, but she couldn’t bring herself to pay attention to the child who had been saved. “At some point, the “girls ” went close to her with a wet face and a handkerchief and the mother started taking care of her, she says.

Other refugees Spyridaki has met initially appeared very strong, but broke down all of a sudden. A father who had been solid as a rock taking care of his children broke out exclaiming when his son started calling for his mother.

Another father she fulfilled remains awake at night as his family sleeps on the street.

These kinds of problems would cease to exist if there were organized hospitality centers for these people, Spyridaki says.

Lykourgos Alexakis, 37, will soon be going to a foreign land himself, but his situations are completely different from those of the refugees. Alexakis’ wife already works in Germany, where he’s planning to work as a pathologist. He wanted to participate in one more MSF mission before leaving Greece, and aimed up on Kos.

When I find Syrians — among them, many doctors — it’s like I find my family, he says. Suddenly, something happened and they became refugees. It is not something so distant.

Having worked in the Central African Republic, Alexakis is used to difficult conditions in places where nobody else goes.”

Most of the patients he ensure in Kos suffer from medical issues related to the journey and living in harsh conditions — respiratory infections, skin problems and injuries. But the medical team also ensure diabetics and people with high blood pressure. “Imagine a diabetic staying in a park in Kos, ” Alexakis says. “He is practically homeless, he might have lost his drug at sea, or even if he has them with him, he can’t keep them in the refrigerator and he doesn’t have access to medical care. What is this person supposed to do now?

When I find Syrians, among them many doctors, it’s like I find my family. Suddenly, something happened and they became refugees. It is not something so distant.

Alexakis often goes out with MSFs mobile medical squad, which use a small boat to travel to small islands like Leros, Kalymnos and Symi.

I’ll never forget how we assured a smashed boat on the steep rocks of Pserimos and a little farther, people trying to climb the boulder, ” he recalls. “Among them was an old woman around 70 years old who had a very hard time. Even we were be very difficult approaching, so we had to stop about 10 meters from the coast. The lifeguard jumped in instantly and pulled them onto the boat one by one. Fortunately, everything went well and all the people were saved. But imagine, one of them had kidney illness and had to be taken to the hospital right away.

Farhad Agajan, from Afghanistan, is 27 and the teams other interpreter. This is his fifth mission with MSF. He has been on Kos since June and his language skills have demonstrated that they especially valuable — he speaks Urdu, Farsi, Pashto, Hindi, Dari and Punjabi and can communicate with people from Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh.

Agajan wants to help those who are suffering through what he and his family experienced in Afghanistan. I want to offer them what I didn’t have, he says. If someone had taken me by the hand when I arrived in Greece as a minor and was forced to sleep in parks, I would have studied. I would be a different person. A lot of my relatives were doctors or nurses. I wanted to study to be a nurse in Greece, but it wasn’t easy for me.

When Agajan talks with refugees, he easily identifies with what they went through. Everyone tells you that they have seen demise with their own eyes, but God devoted them a second chance, a second life.”

“Just like me, ” he adds. “When I was a kid in Afghanistan, I had two options if I stayed there: either die or get my gun and shoot, too. So, you think to yourself, it’s worth trying something different. My mother told me the same thing. Only in Europe do we find a safe life.

But while Europe is a safe haven to many, Agajan says it’s also to blame for forcing people to risk drowning in their effort to reach the continent. I really don’t know what to say about this, he concludes.

Anastasia Papachristou, 38, has been involved with volunteer groups since she was a adolescent. A mother of three and a surgeon in a private clinic, she has been on Kos for two months.

Right now we are part of history. It is written before us. I wanted to actively participate and not just observe. You can have a deeper insight this way, Papachristou says.

She looks at the crisis on the islands through a mother’s eyes. Everyone is a unique person with a unique course and unique dreams for the future. They got away from war to follow those dreams, so that they are able to and their children could live in dignity. Unfortunately, so many of them lost everything at sea. Even their own life.

The patients Papachristou ensure in Kos are often chronically ill or people with special needs. Some of them left their homes because they couldnt find proper medical care in the hostile environment of their own countries. She also ensure a lot of respiratory infections, diarrhea due to malnutrition and injuries from the crossing. Everyone will try to feed themselves any way they can, she says.

So many of them lost everything at sea. Even their own life.

Dora Chatzi, 32, is a health promoter whose postgraduate work focused on handling medical crises.

She arrived on Kos in August, at a time of increased tension on the island due to insufficient infrastructure and the increasing number of arrivals.

My job is to update all the people I can on the medical care provided by our squad. Practically, this means getting out on the streets and talking with the people who live on the town streets, she says.

Many refugees welcome the information. They don’t know what they are up against. They are lost.

The team prioritizes vulnerable groups such as pregnant women and children, sick people and families with children, to whom the team distributes basic supplies and tents.

I’ll never forget the people I met in Kos during this time. They all have their own tales, Chatzi says.

It saddens me that we don’t greet them as we should and that we don’t honor them with the respect that is required in situations like these, she continues. We are all people, and we should handle this in humanitarian words. Why? Because it is a matter of justice. We should be fair to people and always put ourselves in their shoes.

This story originally appeared on HuffPost Greece and was translated into English. It has been edited for an international audience.

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